Your Premium Forest Products Provider Specializing in Western Red Cedar and Alaskan Yellow Cedar Building Materials
Category Archives: Hardwood Decking
Project Photos, Inspiration, Installation, Care and Maintenance for various Hardwood Decking Products including Red Balau / Red Batu Mahogany decking, IPE decking, Tigerwood Decking, Teak and much more!
With so many options on the market of hard and soft wood decking, it can be a challenge to pick the one that is just right for you, your budget and lifestyle.
While researching decking options, it is important to realize that there are many, many different grades, as well as growing areas within any wood species. The differences in grades, as well as where the wood is grown, milled and graded, will affect your decking price, availability, and most importantly the performance.
For example, within the “cedar” deck board market, there are many grades, grading standards, as well as growing regions within the Pacific Northwest where Western Red Cedar and Alaskan Yellow Cedar are grown, which directly affects performance. Decking cut from premium, clear, mature, coastal grown, Western Red Cedar will out perform decking manufactured from inland grown knotty Cedar boards time and time again. The same is also true for exotic hardwood decking milled and graded from other countries, including Ipe and Mahogany, two very popular hardwoods that are sold under a variety of brand names, all graded to different brand standards.
At Cedar Country, we only stock Kayu® Mahogany Batu and Golden Balau “Mahogany” hardwood decking. Both are similar to Ipe in density, strength and durability, but with out the high price. Sourced from tropical rain forests using sustainable practices, these decking products are 100% natural, 100% organic, 100% clear grade, kiln dried for consistency, and always carefully inspected by Kayu exclusive graders.
Backed with a 25 year limited warranty, when you purchase Mahogany Decking from Cedar Country, you can be sure you are buying the highest quality Kayu® carefully selected hardwoods. Every time.
Before your next project, be sure to visit us! We ship nationwide!
Kayu ® International, founded in 1994, is a leader in importing the finest exotic hardwoods with affordable prices. We are pleased to be their partner in supplying homeowners and contractors with their Red Batu “Mahogany” hardwood decking and lumber.
Red Batu and Ipe, also known as Brazilian Walnut (and marketed under several brand names including Ironwood), are two of the highest density hardwoods available on the market today. Both hardwoods are priced higher than Western Red Cedar or Alaskan Yellow Cedar, but because they last so much longer, are considered one of the lowest priced wood decking options due to their extremely long life span.
While Ipe is the most well known of the hardwood decking products on the market, it is also the most expensive. Uniquely beautiful and a proven performer for decades, our Red Batu “Mahogany” is priced approximately 30-50% less than Ipe. Additionally, because of the current high demand for Ipe, various grades and productions from all over South America can be intermingled causing inconsistancies from board to board.
Our Kayu Red Batu is only 100% clear grade, 100% kiln dried and is double inspected by KAYU exclusive graders to ensure it is remains highly consistent. And because it is always sourced from the same region, our Kayu Red Batu has a Class “A” Flame Spread Rating, which is the same as concrete and steel. Due to Ipe’s inconsistency in density, it does not always warrant the highest class rating.
We are confident that you will find Kayu Red Batu Mahogany is the one of the finest exotic hardwoods on the market at a great price, backed with a 25 year limited warranty. Now, that’s something to feel good about!
To read more about installation, as well as warranty information, please visit our blog on that subject by clicking HERE. 5/4×6″ Red Batu Mahogany is in stock and ready to deliver!
Sourced only from countries that are leaders in ecological, sustainable forestry practices, our Golden Balau Hardwood Decking is a dense, exotic hardwood known for its strength and durability. Similar to Teak in color, this 5/4×6″ decking will perform admirably for years, even in wet climates. One of the hardest, strongest and most durable of all woods, our Golden Balau Hardwood Decking is highly resistant to decay, insect and mold.
Warm, gold-reddish-brown hues
Class A Flame Spread Rating (same as concrete and steel)
Similar to lpe in density, strength and durability
Proven performer for decades in demanding applications, including commercial, high traffic areas, as well as in extreme climates
Excellent value compared to similar hardwoods and composites
Can be as low maintenance as you desire, with no ill effects to its longevity or durability
Naturally resistant to rot, decay, insects and mold
Sustainably harvested from well-managed forests
100% Clear Grade and kiln dried
25 Year Limited Warranty
In stock and ready to deliver!
After installation, if desired, you may simply allow your Golden Balau Hardwood Decking to weather to a lovely grey patina with no ill effects. And, if you change your mind, you can always clean it and oil it to bring back the wood’s natural rich hues and warmth.
Should you wish to keep the beautiful range of colors from day one, we recommend finishing the Golden Balau Hardwood Decking with a penetrating oil specifically formulated for use on hardwoods, such as Penofin Hardwood exterior. This unique formula penetrates deep into the wood fibers and does not create a surface film. This allows the wood to breathe, as well as stabilize it.
We recommend coating all four sides prior to installation. To maintain the colors, re-stain the surface of your deck with a hardwood decking oil approximately every 6-12 months depending on your climate conditions.
All this at pricing similar to clear grade softwoods and composite decking!
Because all natural wood is subject to expansion and contraction as the moisture in the environment changes, shrinkage, expansion, checking and other movement are normal occurrences. For help with installation, as well as care and maintenance, please refer to our Red Balau “Mahogany” decking blog by clicking HERE
Ipê (pronounced E-pay) originates from countries in Central and South America and is harvested from responsibly managed forests. Ipe has natural properties that make it one of the toughest and longest lasting decking materials available.
Also known as Brazilian Walnut and sold under proprietary names, such as Iron Wood, Ipe decking is highly prized for its unique properties, including shear strength and natural beauty. With its extremely dense and tight grain, its rich brown, red and amber hues naturally resist wear, rot, splintering, termites, fire, chemicals and virtually every other threat imaginable. Due to the wood’s fine texture and interlocking grain, which can be wavy or straight, Ipe offers superior slip resistance, which makes it ideal for decks and boardwalks.
Perfect for residential or commercial applications, an outdoor finish, such as Penofin Hardwood Formula, can be periodically applied to maintain the decking’s rich natural color or left unsealed to weather to a handsome silver patina with no ill effects. Because Ipe is so naturally strong, dense and hard, even high traffic areas will remain splinter free for years, even if the decking is left untreated.
If you haven’t already, please be sure to visit our previous blog Tips for Designing Your Dream Deck. Once you have determined the deck you want to build, here are some tips to help you get closer to having the deck of your dreams!
#1 – Before You Do ANYTHING else, contact your local Building Department to discuss what permitting is required and what you will need to do in order to obtain a permit, such as drawings, fees, etc. Next, contact your utility companies to ensure no lines will be disturbed or disrupted.
Figuring Your Materials
After you determined your joist spacing and size, deck height and footing requirements (see Designing Your Dream Deck if you need help with this), put your framing package list together. Be sure to include a count of corrosion resistant fasteners including all the joist hangers, post bases, post to beam to connectors, as well as any flashing that is need.
All deck framing should be Ground Contact Pressure Treated material with a minimum
ACQ rating 0.40 pcf.
Decking needed per 100 square feet (includes 5% waste)
4” product – 320 lineal feet
6” product – 210 lineal feet
Determining the correct number of fasteners will vary based on the decking selected as well as the joist spacing. When face screwing (or nailing) a 6” product down on framing that is 16” on center, you will need approximately 350 screws per 100 square feet, and approximately 480 screws per 100 square feet with the same 16” on center joist framing for 4” material, when using two screws per joist. For other types of fasteners, refer to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
If you have selected to use Western Red Cedar as your decking, now is the right time to
determine what product you will use to help protect the wood. We recommend using good quality penetrating oil product with mold and mildew inhibitors, as well as UV protection, such as Ultra Premium Red Label Penofin. This should be applied to all four sides of the decking prior to installation for optimum results.
If you have selected an exotic hardwood for your decking, such as Red Balau “Mahogany” or Ipe, you can either choose to apply a penetrating oil to the wood to help it maintain its beautiful color prior to installation (all four sides is recommended), or if you wish for it to simply weather to a beautiful silvery – grey, you can skip this step.
Other Items Needed
Drill and Bits
Hoe & Hose (to mix concrete)
Post Hole Digger
Getting Ready to Build
Once your materials have arrived on the job site, keep them covered when not in use to keep them clean, as well as to prevent twisting and warping, especially when it is hot or under direct sunlight.
When framing your new deck be sure to allow for proper water drainage. A deck should angle away from the structure a minimum of 1/8” for every 8 feet to reduce the possibility of standing water. In general, a deck should be installed 18” off the ground for proper air flow (or as specified by the decking manufacturer) to provide adequate ventilation to minimize cupping and warping of the deck top.
It is advised to wear gloves while handling Pressure Treated Materials and to always use ear and eye protection when sawing, drilling or cutting wood. Left over scraps of Pressure Treated materials should be disposed of properly. Never burn them.
Install the ledger to the house. This will provide stability of the deck. Use string to find your footings and to ensure your deck is square. Remove the sod and dig your footings for the posts. Post holes should be at least 24” deep or up to 4’ deep depending on the frost line in your area, as well as the height of the column.
Install your perimeter posts, then attach your beams to your posts. Attach braces to any posts over 5’ high. Next lay out your joists and install them using either joist hangers or by toe nailing. Add blocking between your joists to minimize warping.
When installing the deck top, be sure to allow for adequate gaps between boards. This allows ventilation, as well as room for water to drain away. Inadequate gap space between boards puts additional strain on the fasteners and can cause broken screws or nail pops. Avoid over driving any fasteners.
When face screwing any hardwood decking, pre-drilling is recommended; as well as when
screwing or nailing close to the edge of any wood board to minimize splitting. Allow small gaps between butt joints to allow the material to expand and contract during weather changes.
Measure once, cut twice!
Our team of experts are also available to assist you with questions regarding product selection as well as creating a materials list.
Our Red Batu or Balau, commonly referred to as “Mahogany”, hardwood decking is sourced only from countries that are leaders in ecological, sustainable forestry practices. This 100% natural, uniquely
beautiful, low maintenance decking comes with a 25 Year Limited Warranty.
Extremely strong and durable hardwood decking!
Used for over 50 years extensively in the USA and abroad in the most demanding applications such as wharves, boardwalks, fishing boat decks and mine shaft timbers, it is resistant to termites and fungus.
Decking that is easy to maintain!
Penetrating finishes are best at protecting your mahogany deck and minimize
maintenance. We recommend using a finish, such as Penofin, with U.V. inhibitors to reduce fading from sunlight and mildew retardants to minimize black mildew that may form, especially in wet or damp areas. However, if you wish to let it weather to a beautiful grey, no maintenance other than light pressure washing is ever needed.
All this at comparable price to similar clear grade softwoods and composite / plastics! 5/4×6″ decking in stock and ready to deliver!
Storage and Handling
Keep your decking clean, dry and out of direct sunlight before installation and finishing
For optimum results, seal decking with a high quality penetrating sealer, such as Penofin Hardwood Formula, on all four sides prior to installation if possible
Due to the extremely dense properties of this wood, a second field coat is recommended after “seasoning”
Use care when applying any finish to wipe away any excess. Do not allow too pool or drip. For more tips on application, please visit the Penofin website HERE
Should you wish to allow your decking to weather to a beautiful silver patina, no finish is necessary
No need to wax ends
Ventilation and Air Flow
Check and follow all local building codes!
Allow adequate ventilation for proper air flow to reduce cupping and checking potential
For maximum long term stability, install deck with a minimum ground clearance of 18″ with at least two sides of the deck open
In all cases, it is absolutely necessary to have at least 50% unrestricted air flow
Create a slope for drainage so there is no chance of standing water
If a minimum ground clearance of 18″ is not available, it is recommended to use 5/4×4″ decking
Our mahogany decking is kiln dried. Unlike air dried boards, shrinkage is very limited. However, excessive moisture may cause the boards to expand slightly
Install 6″ decking (5-1/2″ net) with a minimum gap of 1/4″ between boards. 4″ decking (3-1/2″ net) should have a minimum of 3/16″ between each board
In more demanding applications, such as boat docks, decks build closer to the ground and decks with less airflow, a minimum of 5/16″ for 6″ decking and a minimum of 1/4″ for 4″decking is required
This decking does not shrink or expand end to end, so neatly trim ends and butt together
Pre-drill pilot holes and countersink screws. We recommend using stainless steel fastners and have countersinking tools in stock available to help
Face screwing or edge screwing are the most effective methods of installation. Color
matched Headcoat Stainless Steel Screws are available and provide beautiful results time and time again
Hidden clip fasteners and nails are not recommended and my void warranty
Maximum Allowable Decking Spans
1×4 and 1×6 ~ 16″ on center
5/4×4 and 5/4×6 ~ 24″ on center
Though we have had no reports of irritation of any kind with this hardwood, we still recommend wearing protective eye wear, dust masks and gloves during installation
Warranty ~ As provided by KAYU International
KAYU ® International Inc. hereinafter “Warrantor” warrants that KAYU Batu, which is a naturally durable and stable wood, will not suffer structural damage from rot, termite damage,or fungal decay for at least 25 years, when:
Purchased from an official KAYU dealer as our normal “clear grade”
Used in a residential structure
Installed with a minimum gap between 3-1/2″ boards of at least 3/16″ inches and minimum 1/4″ between 5-1/2″ boards.
Installed with a minimum ground clearance of 18 inches; with well ventilated airflow
underneath which means at least two sides of the deck allowing at least 50% unrestricted air flow. Water must not be allowed to become “standing” underneath the deck and must have proper slopped, drainage.
Decking is sealed with a high quality penetrating oil sealer, on all four sides prior to
installation. Sealing one side can create uneven moisture flow.
The installation must meet all applicable construction and safety codes.
Purchaser’s sole remedy for any claim will be only for replacement of KAYU decking material for the affected material claimed. Warranty does not include installation labor.
Purchaser is solely responsible for determining whether KAYU Batu meets any applicable safety, building codes, health or other regulations. Warrantor shall not be liable for installation or re-installation costs or for any indirect, punitive, consequential, or exemplary damages of any kind whatsoever arising from purchasers purchase of KAYU Batu or any KAYU decking.
KAYU decking products are stable hardwoods, with proven performance in decking applications for decades. Excessive movement is defined as twisting or warping over a half inch. ANY visible quality issues must be dealt with PRIOR to installation. Minor surface checking is a normal occurrence and is not a warranty issue.
The above remedy is exclusive and is in lieu of all other remedies, expressed, implied, or statutory, including but not limited to any and all other obligations, or liabilities. In order to validate the warranty, you must complete and mail the attached warranty card within 100 days of installation.
To validate your warranty
Send the following information to:
KAYU International, Inc. PO BOX 368, West Linn, OR, 97068
You must include:
1. Copy of your purchase receipt
2. Dated photograph showing proper deck spacing (place a ruler/tape measure in the photo
3. Your name
4. Your address
5. Where you purchased the decking
6. Date deck completed
KAYU hardwood decking products are carefully selected and inspected to ensure its finest quality. However, all natural wood is subject to expansion and contraction as the moisture in the environment surrounding the wood changes. Shrinkage, expansion, checking and slight cupping and other movement are normal occurrences in all hardwood decking. Natural wood products are subject to variances in color, grain, density and performance.