Outdoor Cedar Care & Maintenance
As written by the Western Red Cedar Lumber Association
The surfaces of finished Western Red Cedar decks, siding, and trim boards exposed outdoors inevitably become dirty and may also be discolored by mildew, algae, and moss. These natural elements slowly erode any previously applied finishes, and as a result, all exterior cedar requires regular cleaning and maintenance to perform and look its best. The degree of maintenance required depends on local conditions, the type of finish used, and the end-use of the cedar building materials.
DISCOLORATION OF FINISHES ON WESTERN RED CEDAR
Western Red Cedar enjoys a well-deserved reputation as a wood that takes and holds a range of finishes for extended periods. Nevertheless, a finish’s usual lifespan will be shortened by degradation and discoloration. The causes of discoloration often require a remedial treatment.
Dirt is the most benign cause of discoloration. A periodic cleaning with a mild, non-phosphate detergent solution will usually restore the surface finish.
Mildew is a common form of discoloration of paints and stains caused by staining fungi. Re-staining does not solve a mildew problem. When it is time to refinish, clean off the mildew with a mild bleach solution (oxygen bleach is preferred) or commercial mildew remover. After the wood has been thoroughly rinsed and allowed to dry, refinish with a coating that contains an effective mildewcide.
Tip: A simple test for the presence of mildew on the coating can be made by applying a drop or two of a fresh solution of liquid household bleach (containing 5 percent sodium hypochlorite) to the stained area. The dark color of mildew will usually bleach out in 15 to 30 seconds. Discoloration that does not bleach is due to other factors and requires further investigation.
Discoloration due to extractive bleeding is usually caused by moisture. To stop stains caused by extractive bleeding, the moisture source must be eliminated. Mild staining is often washed away by rain over a period of weeks. In sheltered areas of a building where the stain persists, it may become darker with age and more difficult to remove. If washing with a mild detergent solution does not work, applying a mild oxalic acid solution has been proven to be effective in removing water, tannin, or iron stains. Commercial cleaners are also available if the stain remains; prime the area with an alkyd primer and topcoat with a latex coating.
Iron stains may appear in two forms: the reddish-brown discoloration caused by rust or blue-black discoloration caused by the reaction of iron from nails and other metal objects with extractives from the Western Red Cedar. To prevent these stains, use only hot-dipped
galvanized, aluminum, or stainless steel nails when fastening cedar. To clean areas affected by iron stains, use a commercial cleaner from your local home building center. In situations where the stain has penetrated the wood surface, light sanding or brushing may be required.
Water stains often occur in combination with extractive bleeding and mildew growth. These stains can be difficult to remove. Scrubbing the cedar with a dilute oxalic acid solution is sometimes
Caution: Handle oxalic acid solution with care as it can be harmful – carefully follow the
Chalking, the release of pigment and degraded resin particles, results from weathering of the paint’s surface. It is a degradation of the paint film, not the cedar. Chalking is a common cause of fading in tinted or colored paints.
PEELING, BLISTERING OR FLAKING
Paint failure such as peeling, blistering, or flaking is often associated with moisture build-up behind the paint and poor adhesion of the paint film to the underlying wood. This problem is exacerbated if the paint is applied to weathered wood.
Photo and Craftsmanship by Apex Construction, Anacortes, WA
REGULAR MAINTENANCE EXTENDS THE LIFE OF BOTH FINISH AND DECKING
A deck that dries after wetting will last longer than one that stays damp. Ongoing maintenance practices for cedar decks include: allowing proper water drainage; keeping the surface free of dirt, leaves, tree needles, and other debris; moving planters, benches, and other deck accessories from time to time to permit the deck beneath them to dry thoroughly and ensuring that the ventilation under the deck is not inhibited.
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